Quick Answer: What Complications Can Be Caused By Distraction In Orthopedics?

What is distraction in orthopedics?

Distraction osteogenesis is a way to make a longer bone out of a shorter one. After a bone is cut during surgery, a device called a distractor pulls the 2 pieces of bone apart slowly. The slow stretching apart of bone is not painful.

What is distraction osteogenesis in oral and maxillofacial surgery?

Distraction osteogenesis is a technique in orthognathic surgery that expands or stretches bone in the jaw. Simply stated, distraction osteogenesis means the slow movement apart of two bony segments which allows new bone to fill in the gap created by the bony segments.

Who needs distraction osteogenesis?

The most common application is in infants with small mandibles (micrognathia) leading to tongue-based airway obstruction, difficulty breathing, and sleep apnea (see Pierre Robin sequence). Distraction osteogenesis is used to lengthen the mandibles (figure 3) of patients with hemifacial microsomia, as well.

What are the causes of distraction?

Distraction is caused by: the lack of ability to pay attention; lack of interest in the object of attention; or the great intensity, novelty or attractiveness of something other than the object of attention. Distractions come from both external sources, and internal sources.

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What does distraction mean in medical terms?

Listen to pronunciation. (dis-TRAK-shun) In medicine, a pain relief method that takes the patient’s attention away from the pain.

When is distraction osteogenesis used?

Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is used in orthopedic surgery, and oral and maxillofacial surgery to repair skeletal deformities and in reconstructive surgery.

How long does distraction osteogenesis take?

Distraction osteogenesis is performed as an outpatient surgery in our accredited surgical facility. Patients undergoing this procedure will require general anesthesia. The procedure takes anywhere between 2-3 hours.

What is distraction Histogenesis?

: Under appropriate conditions, bone responds to gradual mechanical distraction with new bone formation, termed distraction osteogenesis. Additional effects on the surrounding soft tissues result in phenomena known as distraction histogenesis.

What is dental distraction?

It can be performed on patients of all ages. During the procedure, a distraction appliance is placed that will slowly separate two bony segments, allowing the gap to be filled in with new bone. The newly formed bone can serve as a solid foundation for dental implants.

What is maxillary distraction?

Distraction osteogenesis is a surgical technique for reconstruction of bony deformities. Increased amounts of both bone and soft tissue are created as a result of the gradual displacement of surgically created bony fractures.

What is mandibular distraction osteogenesis?

Mandibular Distraction Osteogenesis (MDO) is a surgery done for infants with Pierre Robin sequence. MDO lengthens the jaw to help open the airway so the baby can breathe safely and comfortably on their own.

Who introduced distraction osteogenesis?

Distraction was introduced first by Codvilla nearly a hundred years ago and was subsequently popularized during the 1940s by Ilizarov, who developed a single-stage procedure to lengthen long bones without the use of grafting material.

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What is a Lefort procedure?

The Le Fort Osteotomy is a type of jaw surgery used to correct an abnormally positioned jaw that gives rise to malocclusion problems (misalignment of teeth and jaws).

When do you use Ilizarov?

An Ilizarov frame is used to:

  1. help heal complex fractures (complicated broken bones)
  2. help heal severe skin or tissue loss.
  3. lengthen long bones if too much bone has been lost at the time of accident by allowing new bone to grow in between the two broken bone ends.
  4. correct congenital or traumatic deformity of the bones.

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