Often asked: What Is Countertraction In Orthopedics?

What are the 3 types of traction?

What Are the Different Types of Traction?

  • Skeletal Traction. Skeletal traction involves placing a pin, wire, or screw in the fractured bone.
  • Skin Traction. Skin traction is far less invasive than skeletal traction.
  • Cervical Traction. During cervical traction, a metal brace is placed around your neck.

What are the different types of traction?

There are two types of traction: skin traction and skeletal traction.

What is the use of traction in Orthopaedics?

Tractions’ main goals are to control pain from muscle spasm, reduce fractures maintaining anatomical reduction, and to prevent and correct deformity. An effective traction will provide a pulling force on the body by ensuring a good grip on the injured limb that is adequate and secure.

How do you maintain counter traction?

Traction care

  1. Ensure that the traction weight bag is hanging freely, the bag must not rest on the bed or the floor.
  2. If the rope becomes frayed replace them.
  3. The rope must be in the pulley tracks.
  4. Ensure the bandages are free from wrinkles.
  5. Tilt the bed to maintain counter traction.
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Is traction still used in hospitals?

Presently, with advancement in better treatment options, traction has been replaced by other methods of treatment. The role of traction in modern practice remains mainly in the treatment of fractures in children, as a temporizing method of splinting, manipulation of fractures or deformities during surgery.

How much weight is used in traction?

Judovich showed that a traction force of 26% of the patient’s body weight was required to overcome friction.

What are the principles of traction?

To pull (or apply) traction effectively, there must be something to pull against, which is endeavouring to pull or thrust in the opposite direction. These two forces are called traction and counter traction respectively. Counter traction is the force acting in the opposite direction to the applied traction.

What are the indications for traction?

Traction is usually advisable in following conditions:

  • Spinal nerve root impingement: Herniated disc. Ligament encroachment. Narrowing of the inter vertebral foramen.
  • Joint hypo mobility.
  • Spondylolisthesis.
  • Degenerative joint disease.
  • Extrinsic muscle spasm and muscle guarding.
  • Discogenic pain.
  • Joint pain.
  • Compression fracture.

What does gaining traction mean?

What does it mean to gain traction? It means, to have a little bit of success. You know how when you try to do something, but it just never really gets off to a good start? You never get that first little bit of success that you need to keep going. When that happens, you’re having trouble gaining traction.

What are the complications of traction?

Some of the complications skeletal traction can cause include the following.

  • Infection. In skeletal traction, a metal pin is inserted into your bone.
  • Pressure sores.
  • Nerve damage.
  • Misalignment of the bone or joint.
  • Stiff joints.
  • Wire malfunction.
  • Deep vein thrombosis (DVT).
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Why is traction used?

Most often, traction uses devices such as weights and pulleys to put tension on a displaced bone or joint, such as a dislocated shoulder. The tension helps put the joint back in position and keep it still. Traction is also used to keep a group of muscles (such as the neck muscles) stretched to reduce muscle spasms.

What is the primary purpose of bucks traction?

Buck’s skin traction is widely used in the lower limb for femoral fractures, lower backache, acetabular and hip fractures. Skin traction rarely reduces a fracture, but reduces pain and maintains length in fractures. The skin is prepared and shaved -it must be dry. Friar’s balsam may be used to improve adhesion.

Is traction used anymore?

Although traction was widely used for more than a century, in recent years it has been eclipsed by more state-of-the-art surgical techniques for correcting broken bones. Today, traction is used primarily as a temporary measure until surgery is performed.

What is Russell’s traction?

A form of traction used to align a fractured femur. The lower leg is supported in a sling just below the knee and pulling forces are exerted upwards and longitudinally by means of pulleys and weights. [ R. H. Russell (1860–1933), Australian surgeon]

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