In Orthopedics, What Is A Malunion?

Does malunion require surgery?

Malunion treatment Some malunion fractures do not require surgery or treatment because there is not reduced function from the injury. However, if the broken bone positioning is damaging, surgical treatment may be necessary for a return to a normal functional lifestyle.

What are the symptoms of malunion?

Symptoms of a malunion or nonunion can include constant pain long after your fracture was treated. Both can cause inflammation or infection because of damage to surrounding tissue.

What causes bone malunion?

The causes of a malunion are broad, but most often it’s the result of not seeking medical treatment soon enough after a fracture (or not seeking it at all), removing a cast or other immobilizing tool too early, or not aligning bones properly during the immobilization process.

How is a malunion fracture treated?

How is a Fracture Malunion Treated? A surgical procedure can help reverse severe cases of malunion and ensure correct fracture healing. Osteotomy, an orthopedic surgical procedure, is commonly used to realign the bones in the correct position. The procedure may involve shortening or lengthening before the realignment.

Can a displaced bone heal without surgery?

A bone may not be able to regenerate unless the bone fragments are reassembled and held in place. Several ways to stabilize broken bones without surgery include casts, braces, and slings. If surgery is required to reposition bone fragments, a doctor may use metal screws, rods, and plates to accomplish this.

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Can a bone heal in 2 weeks?

Depending on the severity of the fracture and how well a person follows their doctor’s recommendations, bones can take between weeks to several months to heal. According to the Cleveland Clinic, the average bone healing time is between 6 – 8 weeks, although it can vary depending on the type and site of the injury.

Is a malunion bad?

Broken bones can occasionally heal in the wrong position, forming a “malunion” or “malalignment” after treatment. These misaligned bones can cause further problems and pain in the body.

Is malunion a complication?

Malunion and nonunion fractures are two types of bone healing complications. These can often occur as a result of a significant trauma. These complex fractures make restoring function after injury a challenge. Both malunion and nonunion fractures can occur following damage to any of the body’s 206 bones.

Can you fix a bone that healed wrong?

Doctors determine if the position of a fracture will allow for functional use of the hand or arm after it heals. In many cases, when a fracture heals in a position that interferes with the use of the involved limb, surgery can be performed to correct it.

What happens when fracture don’t heal properly?

Delayed Union. When a bone fracture is untreated, it can result in either a nonunion or a delayed union. In the former case, the bone doesn’t heal at all, which means that it will remain broken. As a result, swelling, tenderness, and pain will continue to worsen over time.

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